(January 20, 2005) -- The CA Air Resources Board (ARB) has awarded a six figure research grant to study black particles spewed by aircraft into residential areas downwind of LAX...a type of pollution that has been cited at numerous public meetings by LB residents concerning LB Airport.
The ARB approved $117,986 (from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) for "Monitoring and Modeling of Ultrafine Particulates and Black Carbon at the Los Angeles International Airport."
The 24 month research project "will seek to characterize near-source and downwind particulate matter levels, analyze temporal patterns of emissions and investigate the contribution of aircraft emissions in residential areas." It will be conducted by Dr. John Froines of UCLA.
A power point graphic provided by CA ARB indicates the objective is "to characterize near source and downwind PM [particulate matter] levels, analyze temporal patterns of emissions and investigate the contribution of aircraft emissions in residential areas." The power lists "expected results" as indicating "the contribution of emissions from aircraft take-offs and landings to fine and ultra-fine PM levels in residential areas downwind of LAX."
Over the course of several years, multiple residents from Belmont Shore to Los Altos and the Wrigley District to Virginia Country Club have described black particles covering their outdoor furniture, three garden plants and their cars.
"Cardiovascular Health Effects of Fine and Ultrafine Particles during Freeway Travel." It will examine "exposure to ultrafine particles on freeways to determine if they alter a person's heart rate and other markers of cardiovascular disease." Sum approved: $580,205.
"Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Asthma in Economically Disadvantaged and High Traffic Density Neighborhoods in Los Angeles County." It will determine "associations between
traffic and asthma symptoms, provide additional information related to environmental justice issues, and help develop a model for future traffic studies." Sum approved: $422,089.
The CA Air Resources board is amomg the state agencies targeted for elimination under Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger's California Performance Review (CPR). The CPR proposes to trasnfer the Air Resource Board's functions to a Division of Air Quality within the California Environmental Protection Agency. "The proposed framework would transform Cal-EPA from a collection of separate boards and commissions into an integrated Department of Environmental Protection to effectively protect California’s environment," CPR says.